Saturday, January 10, 2015

What is Canang ? Balinese Offerings

If You first time in Bali, you will find Balinese Girl or Boys that carrying piece white coconut leaf decor square or round, top with some flower also accompanied with incense, that means they are bring daily offering, that white coconut leaf decor round and square that they call it Canang Sari. what that Canang Sari mean ?

 Canang sari is one of the daily offerings made by Balinese Hindus to thank the Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in praise and prayer.Canang sari will be seen in the Balinese temples (pura), on small shrines in houses, and on the ground or as a part of a larger offering.

Canang sari has some parts, there are peporosan, ceper, raka-raka, and sampian urasari.Peporosan or the core material is made from betel leaf, lime, gambier, prestige, tobacco and betel nuts. Material of peporosan is symbolize the Trimurti, three major God in Hinduism. Shiva symbolized by lime, Vishnu symbolized by betel nut, and Brahma symbolized by gambier. Canang sari are covered by ceper (a tray made from palm leaf) as a symbol of Ardha Candra. Raka-raka is topped with sampian urasari, which are in turn overlaid by flowers placed in a specific direction. Each direction symbolizes a Hindu God (deva):

  • White-colored flowers that point to the east as a symbol of Iswara
  • Red-colored flowers that point to the south as a symbol of Brahma
  • Yellow-colored flowers that point to the west as a symbol of Mahadeva
  • Blue or green colored flowers that point to the north as a symbol of Vishnu

A canang sari is completed by placing on top of the canang an amount of kepeng (the coin money) or paper money, which is said to make up the essence (the "sari") of the offering.

Balinese always offering Canang sari everyday, that offered in certain place of sacred place in the family temple and around the house.

there are many type of Canang that have specific uses :
  1. Canang Sari
  2. Canang Genten
  3. Canang Burat Wangi
  4. Canang Pembersihan
  5. Canang Gantal
  6. Canang Brekat
  7. Canang Saji
  8. Canang Pemedak
  9. Canang Tajuh
  10. Canang Yasa
  11. Canang Pengeraos
  12. Canang Saraswati
  13. Canang Rebong
  14. Canang Oyodan

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